# Kindergarten

Sharing ideas and best practices to promote effective instruction in elementary math Inspired by educators around the world and the work we do at HappyNumbers.com

How to Teach Early Numeracy Using the Number Line

While cubes and other manipulatives support learning by representing numbers, the number line actually develops learning by giving students another look at number relationships...
Happy Numbers team· 02 Nov

How to Teach a Sense of Larger Numbers through Estimation

A Guessing Jar is one of my favorite activities for promoting number sense and an awareness of how large a number is. I love that it can be filled with anything small or large and right away we have a number activity that is unique every time.
Happy Numbers team· 02 Nov

Hitting Math Benchmarks in K-2 (Case Study)

After mind-growing lessons that focus on conceptual understanding, can students succeed on such abstract tests that only measure procedural fluency? Will the tests cause trauma or anxiety in our youngest students (as it often does in teachers!)? At Slackwood Elementary School in New Jersey, math specialist George Regan set out to answer these questions with some research of his own.
Happy Numbers team· 02 Nov

Going from Concrete to Visual Representation: Combinations to 10

Every year when I start things rolling in my third grade classroom, I am amazed at the levels of abilities of my students. There are always a handful of students who, for whatever reason, are lacking number sense in big ways. This handful of students typically struggles with making combinations to 10. So I do what any teacher would do best, I re-teach, and re-teach, and re-teach...
Happy Numbers team· 01 Nov

Advanced Math for K-1: Digging Deeper into Numeration

The two worksheets that comprise Numeration 1-10: Taking it Further encourage extended thinking about this topic by adding a spatial/relational element to numbers. The first worksheet challenges students to create a ‘flow’ of numbers from lower to higher values by drawing arrows, which is great for reinforcing comparison skills
Happy Numbers team· 01 Nov

Comparison of Whole Numbers within 1000

There are two widely-known pedagogical approaches to make comparison intuitive and easy to master, and between them, Happy Numbers chooses both.
Happy Numbers team· 01 Nov